ESG Reporting

ESG Reporting: Navigating Regulations for Corporate Compliance

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors are becoming increasingly important to investors, regulators, and consumers. ESG reporting is a way for companies to disclose their performance on these factors. In India, there is a growing focus on ESG reporting, and the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has mandated that the top 1000 listed companies must make ESG disclosures.

What is ESG reporting?

ESG reporting is the process of disclosing a company’s performance on environmental, social, and governance factors. These factors can have a significant impact on a company’s long-term success.

Why is ESG reporting important?

There are a number of reasons why ESG reporting is important for Indian companies:

  • Investors are increasingly considering ESG factors when making investment decisions. ESG-focused investors are looking for companies that are managing their ESG risks and opportunities effectively.
  • Regulators are introducing new ESG reporting requirements. The SEBI mandate is just one example of the growing regulatory focus on ESG reporting.
  • Consumers are choosing to do business with companies that have strong ESG credentials. Consumers are more likely to buy products or services from companies that are committed to sustainability and social responsibility.
  • Companies that have strong ESG performance can benefit from improved employee morale, reduced risk, and increased access to capital.

What are the regulatory requirements for ESG reporting in India?

The SEBI mandate requires the top 1000 listed companies to make ESG disclosures in their annual reports. The disclosures must cover a range of ESG factors, including:

  • Environmental factors: climate change, energy efficiency, water management, waste management, biodiversity.
  • Social factors: labor practices, human rights, community engagement, product safety.
  • Governance factors: board diversity, executive compensation, risk management, corporate ethics.

Companies are required to provide a reasonable assurance over their ESG disclosures. This means that they must have a robust process for collecting, verifying, and reporting ESG data.

ESG Reporting for Indian Companies

How can Indian companies comply with the ESG reporting requirements?

There are a number of steps that Indian companies can take to comply with the ESG reporting requirements:

  • Develop an ESG policy: An ESG policy should outline the company’s commitment to ESG principles and set out goals for ESG performance.
  • Identify ESG risks and opportunities: Companies should identify and assess their ESG risks and opportunities. This will help them to develop strategies to mitigate risks and capitalize on opportunities.
  • Collect ESG data: Companies need to collect data on their ESG performance. This data can be collected from a variety of sources, including internal sources, external sources, and third-party data providers.
  • Verify ESG data: Companies need to verify the accuracy of their ESG data. This can be done by conducting internal audits, engaging external auditors, or using data validation tools.
  • Report ESG data: Companies need to report their ESG data in their annual reports. The disclosures should be clear, concise, and relevant to the company’s business.

Resources for Indian companies

There are a number of resources available to help Indian companies with ESG reporting. These resources include:

  • SEBI: The SEBI website has a dedicated section on ESG reporting. This section provides information on the ESG reporting requirements, as well as guidance on how to comply with the requirements.
  • National Stock Exchange of India (NSE): The NSE has also developed ESG reporting guidelines. The NSE guidelines are based on the SEBI requirements, but they also provide additional guidance on specific ESG issues.
  • The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII): The CII has a number of resources on ESG reporting, including reports, webinars, and training courses.
  • Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB): The SASB provides industry-specific ESG reporting standards. These standards can help companies to identify and report on the ESG factors that are most relevant to their industry.


ESG reporting is becoming increasingly important for Indian companies. The SEBI mandate is a significant step towards making ESG reporting mandatory for all large listed companies in India. Companies that comply with the requirements will be well-positioned to attract ESG-focused investors, meet the expectations of regulators and consumers, and improve their long-term sustainability.

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